Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling is a [non-surgical] deep cleaning measure that includes removing plaque from above and below the gumline. The root is also smoothened through planing to allow the tissue to heal and reattach itself to the tooth. Local anesthesia is applied to numb the targeted area and make the procedure much more comfortable. Antibiotics may be recommended as a means of controlling the toxic bacteria from spreading further that cause periodontitis.